The ultimate rejoinder list

A few posts ago I wrote about rejoinders and offered some basic ones that you can use to show interest, happiness, sadness, or surprise. Here are some more rejoinders to express agreement, understanding, not understanding, disagreement, apologizing, praising, refusing, accepting, and more!

Bilingual (English-Japanese) grammar glossary

Here it is – the bilingual grammar glossary (英語文法用語)
! Why do you need to know this? If you are a native Japanese speaker, you have likely learned English in the context of Japanese; you have probably learned all the linguistic terms in Japanese, but not in English. Also, probably when you wrote English exams in school, the directions were all in Japanese. Why is this? I’m not sure, but I’ll bet that it’s probably a result of the “grammar translation method”(文法訳読式教授法) that was traditionally popular in Japan. When you learn another language, however, ideally you should do so through that language!

Circumlocution strategies

Part of communicating in a foreign language means that we have to negotiate meaning when we lack the vocabulary. The more you are able to apply circumlocution strategies, the faster you will learn new things and the more fluent you will become. This post includes some strategies to help you to get someone to guess the word you are thinking.

Control language

Language of Control or Control Language is a group of phrases you should memorize and start using right away to communicate in EFL (English as a Foreign Language). Using control language enables you to have control when talking with native speakers. Use the phrases to increase the rate at which you learn! This post includes a set of phrases for English (with Japanese translations), but if you are learning another language, find out what similar phrases would be in that language and learn those. At first, remembering just one phrase from each group is OK.